The Orpington was bred by William Cook during the late nineteenth century using a mix of other breeds, such as the Croad Langshans, Minorcas, Langshans and Plymouth Rock. The Orpington took the most from the Langshan breed with the goal of crafting a breed that could be a laying machine, agoal that was accomplished.
The Chocolate gene was discovered in 1994 by the late British geneticist, Dr. Clive Carefoot, when he observed the unusual color mutation in a single Orpington hen. He discovered that the chocolate gene is sex-linked: hend with the gene always display chocolate while the roosters with the recessive gene hide the chocolate color. WHen the chocolate gene manifests, not only does it add a chocolate color to the feathers but also the skin and beak.
The Orpington is a breed for all occasions. They can lay up to 200 eggs in a year. They are thick and meaty birds for cooking, and are easily relaxed for showing. They tend to be a good choice for any chicken enthusiast just getting into the hobby or for any farmer needing a top-notch reliable chicken around the yard.
Orpingtons stand very low at times, so low that thier feathers touch the ground. They have a single medium comb on their head with red ear-lobes and eyes.
Orpingtons are friendly and relaxed. They are perfectly content in confinement, which goes along with why they make such good show chickens. They're very active and like to roam around exploring, yet they aren't too concerned when there isn't to much space to do so. They tend to get along with each other pretty well and dont get into many squabbles.